Archive for February, 2013

February 26, 2013

PoemShape

Free Verse: an essay on Prosody by Carles O. Hartman
March 9, 2012

First Things First: What is Prosody?

I remember, way back when, I knew a poet who favored free verse. As his writing developed, he struggled with a question that confronts many writers of free verse. Where does the poet break his or her lines? You can find this same question frequently posed on the internet. In traditional poetry, the line ends where the iambic pentameter ends, basta; but, as far as my friend knew, there was no such rule pertaining to line lengths in free verse. My friend declared that he was going to systematize lineation in free verse. I never heard back from him. His name was Jerry Lafemina and if any of you know him, have him send me a note. Anyway, what he was really saying was that he wanted to develop a Prosody…

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February 20, 2013

urduwallahs

Daagh DehlviNawab Mirza Khan (1831–1905) commonly known as Daagh Dehlvi was an outstanding Mughal poet famous for his Urdu ghazals and belonged to the Delhi school of Urdu poetry. He wrote poems and ghazals under the takhallus (Urdu word for nom de plume) Daagh Dehlvi
Daagh is an Urdu noun that means grief or taint, while Dehlvi means belonging to or from Delhi.
Here is a mesmerizing ghazal penned by Daagh, with the loose English translation below each couplet:

Uzr aane mein bhi hai aur bulaate bhi nahin
Baa’is-e-tark-e-mulaaqaat bataate bhi nahin

You hesitate to come and you do not call me, either
You do not tell me your reasons for ending our relationship either

Khoob parda hai ke chilaman se lage baithe hain
Saaf chupte bhi nahi saamane aate bhi nahin

There is a lot hidden when you are sitting next to the curtain
Neither do you hide completely nor…

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February 20, 2013

Timeاردو

there are six type  “principal forms of  urdu poetry”

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[Ghazal]  is a set of two liner couplets,which strictly should end with the same rhyme and should be within one of the predefined meters of Ghazals.There has to be minimum of five couplets to form a Ghazal.Couplets may or may not have same thought.It is one of the most difficult forms of poetry as there are many strict parameters that one needs to abide by while writing ghazal.

[qasida]  a kind of ode,often panegyric on a benefactor,sometimes a satire,sometimes a poem dealing with an important event. As a rule it is longer than ghazal,but it follows the same system of rhyme.

[Marsiya]  is nearly always on the death of  Hasan and Hussain and their families,but occasionally on the death of relatives and friends.It is usually in six-lined stanzas with the rhyme aaaabb. The recitation of these elegies in the first…

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February 20, 2013

February 20, 2013

February 20, 2013

WHRarchives

December 2004

Free Verse

Introduction by Conrad DiDiodato

Free verse (from the French vers libre) is really a hybrid of two very different language forms, placed very elegantly somewhere between them: prose and the more traditional tightly-knit poetic structures of, say, elegy, lyric, sonnet and so on. Like prose, free verse enjoys the freedom of unfettered expression, without having to concern itself with obvious rhyme schemes, meter and forms; but unlike prose, and closer to traditional verse, free verse lines are shorter and do, when examined carefully, reveal rhythms peculiar to themselves. Its oftentimes lyrical treatment of themes, and even its own special page formatting, give it a sort of traditional verse feel. Consequently, a free verse poem may have both the look and feel of more traditional poetry but may dare, nonetheless, to strike out forcefully on its own, disclosing its own richesse de langue.

Conrad DiDiodato

pyramids in…

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February 20, 2013

WHRarchives

December 2004

TANKA

Introduction by Jane Reichhold


Tanka, a Japanese poetry form, is one of the oldest that still enjoys current popularity. First called uta (song), the form was later named waka, and only after one of its dips in popularity, was the term tanka (tan = short; ka, for ga, = elegance) given to it. Though both tanka and waka are now used interchangeably, waka refers to all Japanese poetry and tanka to the five-part poem classically composed in Japan with sets of 5, 7, 5, 7, 7 sound units. In English the poem is written (most often) in five lines to show, and validate, these five parts, and because English syllables do not equate with the Japanese sound units, which are much shorter – often only one vowel, many writers use less words than one would use if counting out 31 syllables. Nowadays many try to respect this…

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February 20, 2013

WHRarchives

December 2004

Cinquains

 Introduction by Deborah P. Kolodji

What is a cinquain? Five lines. Originally, a cinquain was simply this – a stanza or poem of five lines, similar to the definition of a quatrain as a stanza or poem of four lines. This is still the dictionary definition and by this definition, a tanka is also a cinquain.

However, the cinquain as we’ve come to know it, a five line poem with a syllable pattern of 2-4-6-8-2, was developed by the Imagist poet, Adelaide Crapsey, as a result of her studies of metrics and was influenced by her interest in haiku and tanka. Crapsey’s cinquains were also usually iambic in meter.

The cinquain is continuing to evolve today as more and more poets take up the form. Cinquain writers are currently writing in cinquain sequences, crown cinquains (cinquain sequences with five stanzas), mirror cinquains (two stanza cinquain sequences where…

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February 20, 2013

WHRarchives

December 2004

Sijo

SIJO
Introduction by Larry Gross

SIJO (see-szo or she-szo, pronouncing the J as the French pronounce Jacques). Roots of this lyrical Korean cousin of haiku and tanka stretch back over 2000 years, to early Chinese forms. It has been the predominant Korean verse for 500 years, originally as song lyrics and later as an independent poetry genre. It is traditionally composed in three lines of 14-16 syllables each, totaling 44-46. Each line is broken rhythmically into four quarters semantically and syntactically, with each quarter containing 3-5 syllables.
There is a major pause in the middle, with minor pauses between the other segments. Lines are end-stopped, with the first line presenting an event or situation, the second line providing development. The final line begins with a surprising twist and concludes the verse. For practical purposes, in English the three lines are frequently broken at the midpoint to form…

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February 20, 2013

WHRarchives

December 2004

Short Verse Forms 2 – Pleiades and Fibonacchi

PLEIADES

This titled form was invented in 1999 by Craig Tigerman, Sol Magazine’s Lead Editor. Only one word is allowed in the title, followed by a single seven-line stanza. The first word in each line begins with the same letter as the title.

I added my own requirement of restricting the line length to six syllables.

Hortensia Anderson

Lotus

Lost among the floating
Lilies I found one blue
Lotus reaching on a
Long green slender stem to
Lilting bird notes sounding
Like the dulcet songs of
Lutes from mediaeval spring.

Hortensia Anderson, USA

Stars

Scattered across the night
Skies their light rides the high
Sea waves and then they fall
Soaked into the foamy
Sand until another
Sun like a yellow pearl
Swims in from the shadows.

Hortensia Anderson, USA

 

FIBONACCI

In mathematics,the Fibonacci
numbers are a sequence in which…

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