there are six type  “principal forms of  urdu poetry”

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[Ghazal]  is a set of two liner couplets,which strictly should end with the same rhyme and should be within one of the predefined meters of Ghazals.There has to be minimum of five couplets to form a Ghazal.Couplets may or may not have same thought.It is one of the most difficult forms of poetry as there are many strict parameters that one needs to abide by while writing ghazal.

[qasida]  a kind of ode,often panegyric on a benefactor,sometimes a satire,sometimes a poem dealing with an important event. As a rule it is longer than ghazal,but it follows the same system of rhyme.

[Marsiya]  is nearly always on the death of  Hasan and Hussain and their families,but occasionally on the death of relatives and friends.It is usually in six-lined stanzas with the rhyme aaaabb. The recitation of these elegies in the first…

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